5 סיכומי מאמרים מחכים לך

  • רגע, לא כל היינות טבעוניים?

    פורסם ב- Kitchn

    As it is Vegan Week at The Kitchn, I thought we would look at vegan wines. What is a vegan wine? Are all wines vegan — or not? If not why not? And how can I find vegan-friendly wines? As we all know wine is made from grapes. Essentially wine is fermented grape juice as discussed in my post last year on winemaking. Yeasts, either natural or cultured, convert the grape juice sugars into alcohol. So far this all seems to be vegan-friendly. The reason that all wines are not vegan or even vegetarian-friendly has to do with how the wine is clarified and a process called ‘fining’. All young wines are hazy and contain tiny molecules such as proteins, tartrates, tannins and phenolics. These are all natural, and in no way harmful. However, we wine-drinkers like our wines to be clear and bright. Most wines, if left long enough, will self-stabilize and self-fine. However, traditionally producers have used a variety of aids called ‘fining agents’ to help the process along. Fining agents help precipitate out these haze-inducing molecules. Essentially, the fining agent acts like a magnet – attracting the molecules around it. They coagulate around the fining agent, creating fewer but larger particles, which can then be more easily removed. Traditionally the most commonly used fining agents were casein (a milk protein), albumin (egg whites), gelatin (animal protein) and isinglass (fish bladder protein). These fining agents are known as processing aids. They are not additives to the wine, as they are precipitated out along with the haze molecules. Fining with casein and albumin is usually acceptable by most vegetarians but all four are off limits for vegans because tiny traces of the fining agent may be absorbed into the wine during the fining process. But there is good news. Today many winemakers use clay-based fining agents such as bentonite, which are particularly efficient at fining out unwanted proteins. Activated charcoal is another vegan and vegetarian-friendly agent that is also used. In addition, the move to more natural winemaking methods, allowing nature to take its course, means more vegan and vegetarian-friendly wines. An increasing number of wine producers around the globe are electing not to fine or filter their wines, leaving them to self-clarify and self-stabilize. Such wines usually mention on the label ‘not fined and/or not filtered’. Apart from mentioning whether it has been fined or filtered, wine labels typically do not indicate whether the wine is suitable for vegans or vegetarians, or what fining agents were used. There has been much lobbying to change the US wine labeling laws to include ingredient listing. But so far it is not compulsory. One producer that is a big proponent of ingredient listing is Randall Grahm of Bonny Doon Vineyard fame, whose wine labels all include a detailed ingredient list. When contacted Randall confirmed that all Bonny Doon wines are actually vegan-friendly. Randall notes, “Essentially all of our wines at this time are vegan — we haven’t used any fining agents, not isinglass nor egg whites nor gelatin in any of them, only some bentonite on the whites and pinks.” Moreover, Randall said he has not used any animal products in winemaking since 1985, when he last used egg whites on a Cabernet. So, if the ingredients are not listed how is a vegan wine drinker to know whether a wine is vegan-friendly or not? Not easy I am afraid. I called around a few stores asking if they had any vegan-friendly wines. For the most part I was met with a confused answer such as ‘what do you mean?’. But do not give up. There is help. Firstly, these days, especially in New York City, and I am sure in other major metropolitan areas, there is an increasing number of wine stores that specialize in more natural wines such as organic, biodynamic and natural wines. Two such stores in New York are Appellation Wines in Manhattan and The Natural Wine Company in Brooklyn, where knowledgeable staff were readily able to suggest many vegan-friendly wines. Another way to navigate the world of vegan wines is to look for wines imported by companies that specialize in more natural wines. Examples include ‘Jenny & François Selections‘ and ‘Louis Dressner Selections‘. According to Jenny Lefcourt of Jenny & François Selections, “99% of what we bring in is vegan because the wines are not fined”. As I browsed various online wine stores I kept hoping that I would come across a search category for vegan or vegetarian wines. But alas, no such luck. Sites don’t typically allow you to search even for organic or biodynamic. As natural winemaking gains more market traction, I am hopeful that we will see progress in this approach. Not being vegan myself, I have previously been unaware of the difficulty in telling whether a wine is vegan-friendly or not. I would love to hear from our readers on their experiences looking for vegan wines. White Vegan Wines
• 2009 Bonny Doon Ca’ del Solo Albariño, Central Coast, $16 – Fined lightly with bentonite – vegan friendly. • 2007 Movia Brda Lunar, Slovenia, $40 – Made from 100% Ribolla Gialla – Totally naturally-made. Not even crushed. Whole bunch fermentation, not fined or filtered. Totally naturally stabilized. • 2007 Chateau du Champ des Treilles Blanc, Sainte Foy de Bordeaux, $16 – Biodynamic and fined lightly using bentonite. Classic white Bordeaux blend of Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Muscadelle, but unoaked, this has long been a favorite go to in our house Red Vegan Wines
• 2009 Stellar Organics Cabernet Sauvignon, Western Cape, $12 – This wine even says ‘vegan friendly’ on the back label – Fair Trade accredited and organic. • 2009 Tissot Poulsard Vieilles Vignes, Jura, France $21 – Vintner Stéphane Tissot is a leader in Jura’s organic farming. Again unfined and unfiltered. • 2009 Casina degli Ulivi Semplicemente Rosso, $17 – A blend of Dolcetto and Barbera from Piedmont. Biodynamic, unfined with just a light filtration. Natural yeasts and winemaking. • 2009 Sablonettes Les Copain D’Abord Grolleau, Anjou, Loire, $17 – Made from the local Grolleau grape. Organic, unfined or filtered. Mary Gorman-McAdams, DWS, is a New York based wine educator, freelance writer and consultant. She hold the Diploma in Wine & Spirits from the Wine and Spirits Education Trust (WSET), and is a candidate in the Master of Wine Program.
    תתפלאו, אבל לא כל היינות טבעונים, מסתבר... יין עשוי מענבים ובמהלך תהליך הייצור הופכים הסוכרים...
    02:25
  • הדרכים שבהן תזונה טבעונית תשפר את מצב הרוח שלכם

    פורסם ב- One Green Planet

    A plant-based diet does much more than improve your physical health in a short amount of time. It can also be a great way to improve your mood, as well. It’s a strange effect, really, considering that the media and food industry promotes foods such as fish, Greek yogurt, and even poultry or red meat as prominent “mood-boosters” or imperative foods to consume in  an ancestral type diet. Yet, a plant-based diet that full of unadulterated vitamins and minerals straight from the earth (which is where animals get their nutrients from, mind you), is the best way to improve your health and  mood. Plant-based foods that grow in organic soil are the absolute best source of vitamins and trace minerals your brain and body need to feel their best. Calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, amino acids that make up protein, and even omega 3s can all be obtained through plant-based foods. Magnesium is one of the most overlooked, necessary minerals one needs on any diet, plant-based or not. It’s essential for energy, fighting off headaches, improving sleep health, and regulating your mood. Magnesium is also very competitive with calcium, which makes it even more important to consume on a regular basis. Plant-based foods are loaded with high-quality magnesium, while most animal foods have none. The best sources of magnesium include: all nuts and seeds,  cacao, whole grains, coffee, and leafy greens. Bananas, sweet potatoes, and butternut squash also contain decent amounts. Calcium is an important nutrient for calming the nerves and keeping our bones healthy.  Most plant-based eaters know you don’t need to eat dairy to get your fill.  Calcium can lower your blood pressure, aid in healthy sleep cycles, treat anxiety, and keep your hair, nails, and teeth in good health. The best sources of calcium include: leafy greens, seaweed, almonds, broccoli, figs, chia, sesame seeds, some beans, fortified non-dairy milks, soy, tofu. Now, this little fact will really surprise those out there that believe meat is the only source of high-quality iron. Plant-based foods are packed with iron and yes, your body can use this iron just as efficiently as it can meat. For one, plant-based foods come with none of the side effects that meat does, such as saturated fats and acidity. Next, some sources of plant-based iron are actually higher than their animal based counterparts. Iron is important for your mood because it shuttles oxygen to the brain and provides energy to the body. Here are the best sources: spirulina, pumpkin seeds (pepitas), cacao, almonds, chia, leafy greens, beans, raisins, mulberries, legumes, and whole grains. Once again, you don’t need meat to get your fill of high-quality nutrients, including protein. The question people ask most often regarding a plant-based diet is “Where do you get your protein?” For those out there that hear this question as much as I do, you likely already know how to get your protein just fine. But why is protein important for your mood? Well, for starters, amino acids that make up protein help your neurotransmitters function properly. This can ward off depression, anxiety, and also just make you feel better overall. Protein also keeps you lean and toned, and it gives you strength and stamina. Plant-based foods that are packed with high-quality protein include: spirulina, chia, pumpkin seeds, almonds, quinoa, millet, oats, rye, buckwheat, tofu, soybeans (endamame), lentils, beans, and tempeh. Try out these 10 protein-packed vegan foods if you’re in need for some filling protein or these 10 vegan snacks if you’re not in the mood for a full on meal. Plant-based foods are also loaded with omega 3 fatty acids, which are vital for healthy brain function, along with heart and skin health. You absolutely do not have to eat fish to get enough omega 3 fatty acids in your diet, especially considering that fish obtain their omega 3 fats directly from algae. Omega 3 fatty acids are anti-inflammatory and help fight off joint pain, along with boost your mood and give you a more positive outlook. The best sources of omega 3s from plant-based foods include: blue green algae (such as spirulina), chia seeds, hemp seeds, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, and even leafy greens (though these amounts are smaller.) Plant-based foods are overall very alkaline. Even the most acidic plant-based foods don’t compare to the acidity of fish, dairy, meat, and poultry. Plant-based foods also contain a wealth of vitamins and minerals, which help contribute to their overall nutritional benefits. The more acidic your body, the less vitality you’ll have overall. You may notice joint pain, stomach problems, and an overall lack of zest for life. An acidic body can also lead to aging, along with other health issues to be aware of. The most alkaline plant-based foods include: all leafy greens and vegetables, apples, pears, ripe bananas, winter squash,  spirulina, wheatgrass, all green powders, hemp seeds, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds. Sprouts and fermented foods are also excellent for aiding in alkalinity. Making green smoothies and juices is an easy way to improve your alkalinity, along with a raw foods diet. Plant-based foods are also wonderful for digestion! Even if you have digestive problems when you first eat a plant-based diet, there are some helpful things you can do to turn this around quickly. Overall, a plant-based diet eliminates acidic wastes, saturated fats, and harmful proteins found in animal-based foods. This improves your mood since your digestion is “your second brain” as they say. When your digestive system is struggling, your mood takes a major hit. Here are the best plant-based foods to improve digestion: leafy greens, sprouted foods, fermented foods such as tempeh and miso, ripe fruits, soaked grains, raw nuts and seeds, coconut meat, and root vegetables. If you tolerate them, beans and legumes are also great sources of fiber but take it slowly and see how they work for you before diving in head first. Now, let’s talk plant-based fats (which are one of my favorite food categories!) While I love my leafy greens and veggies, healthy fats are a very important part of taking care of your mood on any diet – plant-based or not. When you ditch the harmful animal fats, laden with cholesterol, you’re only left with nature’s finest plant-fats. Even those that contain saturated fats are completely cholesterol-free and beneficial to the brain. Just be sure to avoid processed and packaged foods  that are high in fat, since those are refined and not beneficial to your mood or any other aspect of your health. Healthy fats come with many health benefits, so long as you consume them smart and in proper portions. Here are some of the best sources of plant-based fats (including those rich in omega 3 fats listed above): avocado, all nuts and seeds (preferably raw), coconut (raw and unsweetened), and cacao and dark chocolate (avoid those with milk and refined sugar). Even some grains like oats and quinoa have a little fat, so eating a variety of foods can help you get enough. Carbohydrates are essential for producing serotonin, the feel-good hormone in the brain. Carbs are found in all plants and not in animal foods at all. If you’re a fan of the low-carb diet, but seem to have a low mood all the time, this is something you may want to consider. Plant-based foods are filled with good carbs that help promote a balanced mood, help regulate your sleep, and even help benefit your weight if you portion them out between meals. Your body and brain need carbs, just from the right sources and not from refined foods. Here are the best sources of healthy carbs on a plant-based diet: fruit, whole grains (preferably gluten-free), beans, nuts, seeds, green and root vegetables, legumes, and sprouted grains. Leafy greens also contain carbs but not as much as these other foods. Be sure you get a variety of plant-based foods in your diet and you’ll be well on your way to getting all the carbs you need for a well-balanced mood. Lastly, one of the best things about a plant-based diet for your mood is the variety of foods you have to choose from. Plants far outweigh animal foods when it comes to choices. You can only do so many things (especially healthier options) with animal-based foods, but the possibilities are endless when it comes to plant-based foods. Why is this good for your mood? For one, you’ll hardly ever miss out on nutrients if you eat a whole foods, plant-based diet and your mood will naturally be enhanced through all the variety of foods you eat. Secondly, plant-based foods have so much variety, you’re more likely to be excited about preparing healthy meals, which will in turn give you mood benefits. To eat a variety of plant-based foods, fill up on: vegetables, leafy greens, raw nuts and seeds, whole grains, beans, legumes, and fruit.  For those of you who don’t like to spend a lot of time prepping foods, you can also used clean plant-based protein powders and nutritional shakes that provide all these nutrients in an easy to go format. Simple, easy, done. Anxiety and our mental health can depend a lot on the foods we put in our body. In this article, we go over Omega 3  Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids to help give the mind all the nutrition it needs. Sugar overconsumption can dangerous. There is a slew of reduced, low, or sugar-free items on the grocery store shelf and, in your home kitchen, there are sugar-conscious alternatives such as plant-based honey, plant-based syrup, or even coconut sugar, but what is good for you and what is just as bad, if not worse, than the real thing?
    תזונה צמחונית עשירה בויטמינים ומינרלים ולכן - יכולה להיות לה השפעה חיובית, לא רק על...
    03:45
  • מאמר מעניין שסיכמנו והקראנו לך

    מקור המאמר

    כאן יופיעו אייטמים שסיכמנו והקראנו כדי לעזור לך לדעת יותר בפחות זמן
    2:23
  • מאמר מעניין שסיכמנו והקראנו לך

    מקור המאמר

    כאן יופיעו אייטמים שסיכמנו והקראנו כדי לעזור לך לדעת יותר בפחות זמן
    2:23
  • מאמר מעניין שסיכמנו והקראנו לך

    מקור המאמר

    כאן יופיעו אייטמים שסיכמנו והקראנו כדי לעזור לך לדעת יותר בפחות זמן
    2:23
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VeganVoice

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